Positive and Negative Effects of British Imperialism in India.

  • Transportation methods and communication were introduced to India by industrialized countries such as Great Britain. Telephones improved and paved roads, cars, trains, and postal networks. This was a positive effect because it boosted the economy, standard of living and the flow of information and people.
  • Modern technology and education were also benefits for India. More advanced machines for manufacturing goods, vaccines, cars, electricity, guns, steel, and steam engines were all brought to India to help industrialize the new colony. Education was much more popular after colonization because social groups were less dominant. Many subjects such as science, health, agricultural resourcing, hygiene, and medicine were taught.
  • Another benefit was that India's population and production of goods increased. The population increased because of the better usage of hygiene, the increased amount of vaccinations and medicines available, and a larger food supply. Britain encouraged traveling herders to settle down and become farmers, teaching them about crop rotation so their lands would be fertile.
  • The caste system was removed from India by Britain allowing the people to be more equal.
  • Britain connected India to the modern world through science, technology, medicine, and modern ideas.
  • Sanitation improved. They were taught healthier habits, and taught basic hygiene an cleanliness.

  • Loss of money. Wars with Britain, and against leaders started by Great Britain, took away a lot of money. The East India Trading Company would buy materials at a low price while selling processed goods at a steep price.
  • Britain ruined India's previous economy and industries as a result of Britain forcing them to import their goods from Britain and not buy their own goods from India. Industries such as the handmade cloth industry, clock-making, metal, and carpentry industries, fell because cloth was made of better quality for cheaper in Britain because of mass production.
  • India soon became dependent of Britain due to the colonization, and dependency on Britain's imported goods. India was made to only import goods from Britain and what couldn't be found in India was imported from Britain. India was left unable to support themselves on their own because of British interference with trade and businesses.
  • Famine. Britain encouraged farmers to grow cash crops, and the growing population wasn't able to afford the amount of food causing many to starve.
  • Britain controlled the government and didn't allow the native people to have a say or be a part of politics or run for positions of power.
  • Sepoy Mutiny. The Sepoy mutiny was when the Sepoy Indians captured Delhi, and rebelling against the British. Britain soon crushed the rebellion and killed and tortured many of the Sepoy's.
  • Racism. The British believe that because the people of India were of a different culture that they were automatically below them no matter who they were and that they couldn't even be compared to the British.
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British imperialism had many positive and negative effects on India. India was introduced to much more modern technology, communication systems, an increase in population and standard of living, but also lead to famine, and dependency on Britain.